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Introduction of IoT-Based Surrogate Parameters in the Ex-Post Countermeasure of Industrial Sectors in Integrated Permit Policy
DATE 2022-04-12 HIT 360
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Introduction of IoT-Based Surrogate Parameters in the Ex-Post Countermeasure of Industrial Sectors in Integrated Permit Policy

Sustainability

 

Authors : Jae Hong Park,Phil Goo Kang,Eunseok Kim,Tae Woo Kim,Gahee Kim,Heejeong Seok and Jinwon Seo

ISSN : 2071-1050


Abstract
  New approaches and techniques are required for environmental management in workplaces that emit pollutants.
The best available techniques (BATs) that are suggested by the integrated environmental permit system (IEPS) play
a pivotal role in providing state-of-the-art approaches and techniques to workplaces. For the workplaces that install
facilities with the BATs, it is necessary to perform real-time monitoring to determine whether pollutant emission
facilities and treatment facilities are operating normally and whether such facilities can maintain the optimal condition
during the emission of pollutants. The environmental management measures used before the IEPS had limitations for
workplaces that are subjected to integrated environmental management because they consider the entire workplace
as a single pollution source by combining all media. In addition, only the emission concentrations and amounts of
pollutants were monitored because only the points at which most pollutants are discharged, i.e., stacks for air pollutant
emission facilities and final effluent outlets for water pollutant emission facilities, are monitored. These monitoring
approaches in a variety of facilities involve considerable costs, and most of them (95% for stacks in workplaces under IEPS,
Korea) cannot perform real-time observation even though some of them are capable of it (5% for stacks managed by Tele
Monitoring System, TMS). In this study, the applicability of a wireless sensor monitoring network was examined as a new
approach for environmental management in workplaces. Based on the sensor monitoring network, surrogate parameters
that can indirectly monitor the critical operating factors of pollutant emission and prevention facilities were developed
and then measured in real time to examine the status of these facilities. Surrogate parameters can be used instead of
directly measuring pollutants as the former has high efficiency, such as cost reduction, and can provide reliable data on
the emission characteristics of pollutants. The wireless network is based on an Internet of Things (IoT) platform under
real-time conditions in the emission and production facilities in a workplace. This study suggested that a wireless network
using the IoT platform improves the BAT assessment methodology to understand the efficiency of environmental pollution
reduction and the economic contribution to the workplace.

Keyword : internet of things,surrogate parameter,monitoring,integrated environmental management

Link  : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apr.2022.101510

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